What Imaging Services Do Emergency Rooms Provide?
Medical imaging forms a basic component in the diagnosis and treatment of some related illnesses and injuries, some of which need urgent medical attention. These, therefore, form the emergency room category of imaging services. Most patients are not aware of these services, and thus do not know the importance of emergency room medical imaging in the diagnosis and treatment of their ailments. Luckily for this category of patients and others, this article has listed with details the imaging services available in the ER courtesy of Bellaire ER.
Body imaging which is also referred to as gastrointestinal radiology entails the radiology of the digestive tract including the stomach, intestines as well as the abdominal region. Body imaging is especially essential in the detection of anomalies in the abdominal organs such as the kidney, urinary tracts, liver, kidneys, pancreas, and the prostate regions. For instance, urography, which is a sub-specialty of body imaging, uses image contrast to detect cancer cells in the urinary tract, kidney stones, bladder stones or blood in urine. Other sub-specialties of body imaging include; Barium Enema, Ultrasound-thyroid, MR Enterography, CT colonography among many others.
Given the delicate nature of the heart, cardiac screening was introduced to detect any cardiac diseases through their earliest symptoms. This factor helps in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac diseases in their earliest and treatable stages. The evaluation process entails looking for genetic markers that may be inherited related to a given cardiac disease, laboratory blood tests, and imaging tests. Candidates legible for a cardiac screening test vary depending on age, gender and medical history of the family.
However, other factors are also to be considered in an individual’s cardiac screening evaluation process. That includes; blood pressure levels, blood glucose levels, blood cholesterol levels and the amount of C-reactive protein within the body.
Breast cancer is among the most common cancers there are, which unlike its counterparts, can be treated effectively if detected at its early stages. Breast imaging, which commonly entails mammography, is used to screen for breast cancer in women with or without symptoms, helping to detect the cancerous cells within the breasts in their earliest stages. Mammography, for instance, has been attested to have reduced the number of breast cancer mortalities over the years through randomized trials. It, however, is less sensitive to women with extremely dense breasts. Luckily, that is not the only breast imaging sub-specialty available. Others include; breast MRI, breast Ultrasound, galactography among many others.
Neuroimaging entails the imaging of the brain and the spine (the central nervous system), which with the right equipment should be able to capture details as minute as craniocerebral blood vessels. This imaging service requires a consistent urgency response given the kind of ailments it is associated with. That is especially for stroke, which if not diagnosed and treated immediately may have long-term damaging effects on the victim. Other neurological cases that may require the neuroimaging service include brain tumors, brain, and spinal injuries just to mention a few common ones.
Just like cardiac screening, lung screening is meant to detect symptoms of underlying lung diseases before they fully manifest. It is very effective in rooting out cancerous cells in their early developing stages. There is a category of individuals who are at high risk of developing lung cancer but show no symptoms of it. For this group, lung screening is done through a sub-specialty known as low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) chest scanning. Lung cancer is among the most lethal cancers there are, given that once it is diagnosed, it has already spread all through the lung tissue. Which is why lung screening is to be an important health consideration.
This imaging service involves the radiology of the bones, joints, muscles and associated soft tissue. It is quite effective in the detection of musculoskeletal disorders and injury for proper diagnosis and treatment measures in cases of emergency and otherwise. It entails a wide range of sub-specialties that include; Spine CT scan, discography, arthrography, musculoskeletal MRI, hip-Ultrasound, bone X-ray just to mention a few.
Conclusively, this article has hopefully enlightened you and therefore assisted you to understand that the ER has a more extensive imaging service. The imaging service requires speed and accurate diagnosis to ensure that the desired effect is achieved in the alleviation of physiological suffering and the ultimate saving of lives in the process.
Note that the above imaging services may seem preventive. However, these services alongside the expertise of an experienced professional are to be used in the general diagnosis and treatment of emergency room cases to improve the quality of the care offered to patients with the different ailments that may require the different imaging services mentioned above and more as an emergency. Bellaire ER has state of the art medical imaging equipment and experienced professional staff.