Blood Clots

Blood Clots – an Under-Appreciated Killer

Blood Clots can cause Heart Attacks

A blood clot forms in a location where the blood fails to circulate sufficiently.  In other words, the blood is remaining in one place too long and it begins to clot or form a lump. A blood clot is a serious medical condition and immediate medical care is required.

In normal situations blood clotting is the body’s method of closing a hole in a blood vessel.  The clotting will seal the hole so the body doesn’t loose too much blood. It is considered an elegant mechanism to stop bleeding in the human body. The problem with blood clots is that sometimes they form in places they should not be. When that happens it is very dangerous because the clot is blocking the normal flow of blood to the heart, brain, lungs, or other part of the body. An additional risk is that the blood clot may “break loose” from its location of formation and travel to different parts of the body.

Blood clots have a 25% to 30% fatality rate if left untreated. Pulmonary embolisms (blood clots in the lungs) cause 100,000 deaths per year, more than twice the number of people who die in car accidents annually. Blood clots that travel to the brain (stroke) and heart cause many more deaths annually. When blood clots are diagnosed and treated the fatality rate is very low, about 1% or 2%.

Factors / Conditions that Cause of Blood Clots

Some of the more common medical conditions or factors that contribute to the formation of blood clots are:

  • an injury to any part of the body
  • obesity
  • the elderly with poor blood circulation
  • family history of blood clots
  • prolonged periods of bed rest or sitting
  • recent surgery
  • pregnancy
  • birth control pills
  • hormone replacement
  • smoking

Symptoms of Blood Clots

  • Swelling
  • Pain – shoulder, back, arm, face, neck
  • Excessive warmth
  • Redness around the area
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Numbness
  • Vision problems
  • Speech problems
  • Sense of heaviness

Treatment of Blood Clots

Blood clots are a very treatable medical condition.  Usually they are diagnosed with an ultrasound test, CAT scan, or a standard blood test. The most common treatment method is the application of blood thinners but surgery may be necessary.

Los Coágulos de Sangre – un Asesino Apreciado-Bajo

Blood Clots can cause Heart Attacks

Se forma un coágulo de sangre en un lugar donde la sangre deja de circular suficientemente. En otras palabras, la sangre se queda en un lugar demasiado tiempo y comienza a coagularse o formar un nudo. Un coágulo de sangre es una condición médica grave y se requiere atención médica inmediata.

En situaciones normales coagulación de la sangre es el método de cerrar el cuerpo de un agujero en un vaso sanguíneo. La coagulación sellará el agujero para que el cuerpo no pierda demasiada sangre. Se considera un mecanismo elegante para detener el sangrado en el cuerpo humano. El problema con coágulos de sangre es que a veces se forman en lugares donde no deberían estar. Cuando eso ocurre, es muy peligroso porque el coágulo está bloqueando el flujo normal de sangre al corazón, cerebro, pulmones, u otra parte del cuerpo. Un riesgo adicional es que el coágulo de sangre puede “desprenderse” de su ubicación de la formación y viajar a diferentes partes del cuerpo.

Los coágulos de sangre tienen una tasa de mortalidad del 25% al ​​30% si no se trata. Embolias pulmonares (coágulos de sangre en los pulmones) causan 100.000 muertes al año, más del doble del número de personas que mueren en accidentes de tráfico cada año. Los coágulos de sangre que viajan al cerebro (accidente cerebrovascular) y el corazón causan muchas más muertes al año. Cuando se diagnostican y tratan los coágulos de sangre de la tasa de mortalidad es muy baja, alrededor de 1% o 2%.

Factores / condiciones que Causa de coágulos sanguíneos

Algunas de las condiciones médicas más comunes o factores que contribuyen a la formación de coágulos de sangre son:

  • una lesión en cualquier parte del cuerpo
  • la obesidad
  • las personas mayores con problemas de circulación sanguínea
  • antecedentes familiares de coágulos de sangre
  • períodos prolongados de reposo en cama o sentado
  • cirugía reciente
  • embarazo
  • las píldoras anticonceptivas
  • de reemplazo hormonal
  • fumar

Los síntomas de los coágulos sanguíneos

  • Hinchazón
  • Dolor – hombro, espalda, brazo, cara, cuello
  • calor excesivo
  • Enrojecimiento alrededor del área
  • Dificultad para respirar
  • dolor en el pecho
  • Entumecimiento
  • Los problemas de visión
  • Los problemas del habla
  • Sensación de pesadez

El tratamiento de coágulos sanguíneos

Los coágulos de sangre son una condición médica tratable. Por lo general, se diagnostica con una prueba de ultrasonido, tomografía axial computarizada, o un análisis de sangre estándar. El método de tratamiento más común es la aplicación de diluyentes de la sangre pero la cirugía puede ser necesaria.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Affects Men and Women

Osteoporosis is not reserved for women only.  It is a condition that affects both men and women. However, osteoporosis does tend to appear at different ages when comparing the sexes.  Women tend to be affected after the age of 50 while men tend to be affected between 60 and 75 years of age.

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that involves the bones. As people age and undergo changes to their bodies the bones become more fragile and more likely to break (fracture). The bones have usually lost density, which is a measure of the calcium and minerals in the bones.

Another way to view the loss of bone density is to think in terms of bone replacement or bone turnover. It is normal for the human body to constantly replace bone and other tissues because of “wear and tear.”  The problem of bone density arises when the body can not replace the “lost” bone fast enough. Then the person experiences thinner and more fragile bones because bone replacement can not match the gradual bone loss.

Women are most affected by osteoporosis when they have a drop in estrogen levels. Estrogen is key to maintaining normal bone densities and when the level drops then so does the bone density. Men tend to experience lower bone densities when their testosterone levels drop significantly – usually between 60 and 75 years.

A Silent Problem

Osteoporosis tends to be a silent problem for people who do not have periodic medical checkups for bone density. Often people experience a relatively simple fall or other injury and incur a broken bone(s). That is the moment they realize that their bone(s) broke far too easily. It is estimated that more than two million broken bones are the result of osteoporosis annually.  It is also estimated that 1 out of 6 people in this country are affected by osteoporosis.

Risk Reduction / Prevention

You may not be able to prevent osteoporosis entirely but you can do a great deal to significantly reduce the risk.  Having a healthy lifestyle is the most important factor in keeping this disease at bay. Regular exercise that includes weights and / or resistance workouts are important.  A healthy diet that includes plenty of calcium, vitamin D, green vegetables, and salmon is also very important. Smoking, alcohol, and sedentary lifestyles should be avoided.

The best advice is to know your body and have regular medical checkups. Listen to your doctor and other medical providers and follow their advice.

Bellaire ER

Medical Considerations Before Getting Married

Medical Histories

Love is a beautiful thing that comes in all shapes, sizes, and ways.  And while love is the foundation of marriage, most people understand that there are lots of other components needed like trust, similar values, and compatibility to truly endure the test of time.

That being said, a consideration that is often overlooked or swept under the table prior to getting married is the medical history and physical health of your partner and their family.  These factors can play a major role in your future life together, especially if you plan on having children.

Sexual Health

A happy, healthy sex life is important for all relationships as well as an open dialogue about your sexual past.  It’s beneficial to get tested together for sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and talk about anything you or your partner may have acquired before getting together.

This becomes essential if one of you have contracted an incurable STD, such as HIV or herpes.  These lifelong viruses don’t have to be deal breakers, but they can greatly alter your sex life, especially since extra precautions might be needed in the bedroom.

Genetic Testing

Genetics are playing a larger role in families than ever before.  Knowing your family history for disease as well as your partner’s can provide a crystal ball to the future of your own family.

For instance, if you know your family has a history of heart disease, you’d probably try to implement healthy life choices to minimize your chance of heart attack.  With your partner’s understanding and cooperation, this kind of lifestyle will be easier to achieve.

For those planning to have children, knowing your genetic predispositions can give you a helpful assurance into the life of your child.  Carrier testing prior to getting pregnant can tell you if you or your partner have genetic mutations which can lead to life altering diseases for your baby such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia.  However, even if you’re at risk, having the recessive mutation is not a guarantee that it will be passed along to your kids.

Unfortunately, medical considerations are rarely a fun or sexy topic to talk about when you’re romantically involved.  But for those wanting to tie the knot, knowing your physical health and history can contribute to a long, happy life together.

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